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  A | B | C | E | F | G | H | I | O | L | M | N | O | P | R | S | T | V | W

A Top

Acid Wash. A treatment applied to the surface of stone to achieve a texture or deep clean stone.

Antique Finish. A finish that gives a distressed appearance texture.


Bleed . Staining caused by corrosive metals, oil-based putties, mastics, caulking, or sealing compounds.

Bluestone. A fin- to medium-grain stone that is green and lilac in color, while the middle stone is dark gray and blue.

Brushed Finish. A stone brushed with a coarse wire brush.

Bullnose. Rounding of a stone to finish an edge.

C Top

Cladding. Non-load-bearing stone wall covering.


Efflorescence. A salt deposit, usually in the form of a white powder residue, that forms on the surface of stone, brick or mortar.


Fieldstone. Rough, irregularly shaped pieces of stone.

Filling. The filling of natural voids in stone.

Fissure. A hairline opening on the fact of stone.

Flagstone. Fine-grained bluestone or slate.

Flamed Finish. A rough textured finish.

G Top

Granite. A very hard, crystalline, igneous rock.

Grinding. A process of flattening the stone by cutting with diamond abrasives.  It will leave a monolithic appearance and a crisp reflection.

Grout. Mortar used to fill joints.


Hone Finish. A smooth surface finish with little or not gloss.


Impregnation. A sealer that penetrates below the surface of the stone.

L Top

Limestone. A sedimentary rock that is formed primarily of calcite or dolomite.

Lippage. A condition where one edge of a tile is higher than the other.


Marble. A metamorphic crystalline rock composed predominantly of crystalline grains of calcite, dolomite, or serpentine, and capable of taking a polish.


Natural Stone. A stone such as granite, marble, limestone, slate, travertine, or sandstone and is not artificial or manmade.

O Top

Onyx. A translucent crypto crystalline calcite with colors in pastel shades, particularly yellow, tan, and green.


Polished Finish. A high flossy surface finish that brings out the full color and character of the stone.


Refinishing. A process of re-polishing and/or honing any dull, once polished surface of any stone surface.


Serpentine. An oil-base stone generally dark green in color with markings of white or light green that can be polished.

Soapstone. A large quantity of talc with a "soapy" feel.

T Top

Terrazzo. A flooring surface of marble, granite chips in cement or resin.

Travertine. A variety of limestone.

Tumbled Finish. A weathered, aging finish.


Vein. A layer, seam, or narrow irregular body of mineral material different from the surrounding formation.

W Top

Waxing. The process of fill small surface imperfections.

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